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Why Companies Need Computer Security Audit

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Why Companies Need Computer Security Audit


Performing computer security audit is very essential, since it is one of the ways used by organizations to mitigate potential security threat. Companies have lots of data, which they must protect from hackers, and misuse may be by their own employees. This process involves the technical assessment of an application or the entire system used in an organization. Internal security audits are responsible for ensuring system compliance is on track, and also minimizing stress during the formal audits.


Why Perform a Computer Security Audit

The main objective of implementing computer security audits is to ensure maximum protection of critical information from unauthorized update or access. Corporations have a duty to deploy intrusion detection systems in order to enhance their security. This is very critical in ensuring appropriate controls are implemented to prevent data deletion or ex filtration, both at the technical and operation levels, and hence the entire security program will be compliant.

Organizations including government institutions, companies and service providers must implement adequate security management measures that are relevant to their operations. This auditing creates a clear image of security control performance, which allows corporations to initiate relevant changes for preventing attacks of large magnitude. Many organizations have invested in a wide array of security measures, but should be accompanied by auditing in order to provide a comprehensive picture of their security systems.

Security audit does not guarantee a system is secure, but continuous assessment and verification of the security system is indeed a control. This would involve testing what it is doing and also its performance. The audit provides vital feedback regarding to the security strategy of a company, as well as demonstrating the relevance of data security to the executives. Furthermore, employees are offered opportunity to respond on the effects of security measures to their work.

Another critical element why perform a computer security audit is that it is used to support progressive improvement on the overall security system of an organization. Future audits are supposed to address areas not assessed before, or those identified as weak, and several things like software, hardware and policies have since changed. Organizations benefit from these audits after implement their recommendations, and tackling all concerns reported.

Computer security auditors are supposed to assess all resources related to an organization’s data security. It implies their work is approved by organization’s management. The process involves all those who use computer resources across the company. In fact, the auditors apply certain tools and techniques to understand how a site is secure or vulnerable to risk. The work of these auditors is performed through personal interviews, testing operating systems, analyzing of networks, and checking historical security data.

The main area of concern of the security auditors is about security policies and how they are implemented in a company. Therefore, to enhance your company’s computer security, it is advisable to engage security auditors to assess all vulnerable areas, and recommend possible solutions to address them.



5 Tips on How to Secure Your Smart Phone

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Are you searching for tips on how to secure your Smartphone? Smartphone use has become very popular nowadays. That means that most people store a lot of private data in their phones. These data includes messages, passwords, photos and also videos.

Some people also store confidential bank information in their phones. It means you need to take concrete measures to secure your Smartphone. These guides offer 5 tips for securing your Smartphone. They are:

Downloading Apps

  • You should be careful when it comes to downloading apps. One of the best selling points of Smartphones is that they enable you to download any app at any given time.
  • However, they come with risks. That’s because apps are designed to access a certain level of information on your phone.
  • It means if you accidentally download a malicious app, you may end up giving these apps access to confidential data.
  • Ensure you read online reviews of these apps before downloading. Consider doing your research and also use mobile security software.

Lock Your Smartphone

  • Make sure you lock your phone. That’s because although it inconveniences you, any unwanted access to it by people will instantly mean access to your personal data.
  • One way is by making sure they require pins to access.

Update Your Smartphone Regularly

  • You should also make sure you update your phone on a regular basis. That’s because operating systems developers, for example, Apple Inc and Google, keep regularly updating their systems.
  • That ensures criminals don’t utilize loopholes. By failing to update your Smartphone features, your phone gets vulnerable to attacks.

Bluetooth, Wireless and GPS

  • You should ensure you turn off GPS, wireless and Bluetooth features on your Smartphone when not using them. Keep in mind that they also drain your battery when idle.
  • They also have functions that track your location, that’s for GPS, trying to locate other Bluetooth devices, that’s Bluetooth and wireless networks, for example, wireless.
  • It means you can lose your data if they route to malicious networks. Be careful when accessing public wireless networks. That’s because other devices can potentially access your Smartphone.

Consider Remote Wipes

  • As a Smartphone owner, you should find the last backup option; that’s remote wipes. That’s because if your phone, unfortunately, gets stolen, you can use a remote wipe app to access your computer.
  • It enables you to access the remote wipe settings. That’s through a web browser. This tactic lets you access your phone through wireless means, go to its factory settings, and completely delete personal information.

What to Do

  • Remember to check online reviews of apps. That’s before downloading them. It enables you to avoid malicious apps.
  • Continually update your phone’s security features. That’s though changing things like passwords on a regular basis.
  • Make sure you purchase your Smartphone from online or departmental stores with the best consumer reputations. It avoids you buying inferior phones, which can be prone to attacks.


The above guide on how to secure your Smartphone should make you consider checking if yours is backed up. Remember to check online reviews of apps and purchase phones from reputable suppliers.


Computer Forensics Techniques

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downloadThere are different kinds of methods used by computer forensicsexperts to find evidence on devices. One of them is stochastic criminology, a strategy which utilizes stochastic properties of the PC framework to research. It’s a central method used to examine information burglary. Steganography is another technique that computer forensics use. One of the strategies used to shroud information is through steganography, the way toward concealing information within a photo or computerized picture. PC crime scene investigation experts can battle this by taking a gander at the hash of the record and contrasting it with the first picture.

Basic Computer Forensics Techniques

images-2While the picture shows up precisely the same, the hash changes as the information changes, so the computer forensics expert may be able to discover some useful information there. Computer forensics can also be used to mine for unpredictable information. At the point when seizing proof, if the machine is still dynamic, any data put away exclusively in RAM that is not recuperated before shutting down might be lost. One use of live investigation is to recoup RAM information. The experts in computer forensics are capable of sidestepping Windows login for bolted PCs, taking into consideration the examination and procurement of physical memory on a bolted PC.

images-1It can then be dissected for earlier substance, on the grounds that the electrical charge put away in the memory cells sets aside the opportunity to scatter. The time allotment that information is recoverable is expanded by low temperatures and higher cell voltages. Holding unpowered RAM underneath less than negative sixty degrees celsiusenhances the odds of fruitful recuperation. Nonetheless, it can be unreasonable to do this amid a field examination. All in all, it is up to the computer forensics expert to choose which method is the most suitable one to mine the necessary data.


Computer Forensics Investigation

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images-3A computer forensics investigation can happen both out in the field or in a clinical environment. A portion of the apparatuses expected to be used to find information, in any case, require a PC to be in a scientific lab, both to keep up the condition of the proof, and to encourage the computer forensics expert’s ability to tinker with the machine. In the event that it is essential, law implementation applies strategies to move a life, running desktop PC. These incorporate a mouse jiggler, which moves the mouse quickly and keeps the PC from going to rest inadvertently. As a rule, a UPS gives control amid travel.

Understanding Computer Forensics Investigation

Notwithstanding, one of the simplest approaches to catch information is by really sparing the RAM information. Different document frameworks that have journaling elements, for example, NTFS, keep an extensive bit of the RAM information on the primary stockpiling media amid operation, and these page records can be reassembled to reproduce what was in RAM at that time. Various open source and business devices exist for PC crime scene investigation examination.

images-4Run of the mill criminological examination incorporates a manual survey of material on the media, inspecting the Windows registry for suspect data, finding and breaking passwords, catchphrase hunt down points identified with the wrongdoing, and extricating email and pictures for review. At the point when the organization Enron looked into going for chapter 11 in December 2001, many workers were left jobless while a few officials appeared to profit by the organization’s fall. The United States Congress chose to explore subsequent to listening to charges of corporate unfortunate behavior. A lot of Congress’ examination depended on PC documents as proof. A specific investigator started to look through several Enron worker PCs utilizing PC legal sciences and truly found proof of unscrupulous behavior. This is an example of the power of computer forensics.


Computer Forensics Today

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images-5The role of computer forensicsis very apparent these days for investigations as well as presentations in court. The motivation behind PC criminology methods is to inquire, safeguard and examine data on PC frameworks to discover potential confirmation for a trial. A hefty portion of the procedures analysts use in wrongdoing scene examinations have advanced partners, yet there are likewise some one of a kind perspectives to PC examinations.

Understanding Computer Forensics Today

For instance, simply opening a PC document changes the record. On the off chance that analysts grab a PC and after that begin opening documents, there’s no real way to tell beyond any doubt that they didn’t transform anything. Legal counselors can challenge the legitimacy of the proof when the case goes to court. A few people say that utilizing computerized data as confirmation is a terrible thought. In the event that it’s anything but difficult to change PC information, how might it be utilized as solid confirmation? Numerous nations permit PC confirmation in trials, however, that could change if advanced confirmation demonstrates the tendency to be deceitful in future cases.

images-6PCs are getting all the more intense, so the field of PC crime scene investigation should continually advance. In the beginning of PCs, it was feasible for a solitary criminologist to deal with documents since thecapacity limit was so low. Today, with hard drives fit for holding gigabytes and even terabytes of information, that is an overwhelming undertaking. Investigators must find better approaches to hunting down proof without committing excessively numerous assets to the procedure. All in all, PC legal sciences is the act of recognizing, separating and considering proof from computerized media, for example, PC hard drives, and it is very important today. There are plenty of opportunities in this field, considering as mentioned previously, it develops alongside technology.


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